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英国科学摄影比赛揭晓:蚂蚁嘴叼重物问鼎

发布: 2010-2-22 09:50 |  作者: admin  | 来源: 新浪科技

BBSRC科学摄影比赛一等奖作品。照片中,一只亚洲织蚁在类似玻璃的表面上倒挂金钟,用颚部叼住一个500毫克的重物。
BBSRC科学摄影比赛一等奖作品。照片中,一只亚洲织蚁在类似玻璃的表面上倒挂金钟,用颚部叼住一个500毫克的重物。
利兹大学的艾玛·福斯特拍摄的逆戟鲸,给评委留下深刻印象。

由伯明翰大学的尤里昂·特罗希安科拍摄,展现了一只用木棍从腐烂的原木中“钓”甲虫幼虫的新克里多尼亚乌鸦。
由伯明翰大学的尤里昂·特罗希安科拍摄,展现了一只用木棍从腐烂的原木中“钓”甲虫幼虫的新克里多尼亚乌鸦。

  新浪科技讯 北京时间2约2日消息 据英国《每日邮报》报道,在英国举行的一场科学摄影比赛中,一幅展现蚂蚁叼重物的照片最终荣获一等奖。照片中,一只蚂蚁居然用嘴叼住是其体重100倍的重物。这个大力士是一只亚洲织蚁,它在类似玻璃的平面上倒挂金钟,用力量强大的颚叼住500毫克的重物。

  亚洲织蚁倒挂叼物的照片是由剑桥大学动物学系的托马斯·安德雷恩博士拍摄的,这位博士一直对蚂蚁以及其它昆虫的粘腿进行研究。安德雷恩表示:“蚂蚁能够根据所负载的重物改变腿上趾肉的大小和形状。在不得不负载较重物体的时候,它们便会增加接触面,需要跑动的时候,它们又会减少接触面。”

  安德雷恩指出,通过对蚂蚁挑战地心引力的壮举进行研究,能够帮助科学家研发更理想的胶水。他说:“蚂蚁腿上的趾肉能够自行清理并粘住几乎所有类型的表面,任何人造胶水或者粘合系统都无法与之相媲美。了解动物如何控制自身的粘合系统能够帮助我们在未来研发更为理想的粘合剂。”

  接受采访时,安德雷恩解释了自己为何对蚂蚁叼重物的本领如此着迷。他说:“蚂蚁天生富有很强的进攻性,会抢夺你拿到它们身边的任何东西。一旦抓住,它们便不会松开,坚决捍卫自己的领地。如果用二氧化碳刺激它们,它们会变得更加富有进攻性,成为一群非常凶狠和愤怒的家伙。”

由伯明翰大学的尤里昂·特罗希安科拍摄,展现了一只用木棍从腐烂的原木中“钓”甲虫幼虫的新克里多尼亚乌鸦。
由伯明翰大学的尤里昂·特罗希安科拍摄,展现了一只用木棍从腐烂的原木中“钓”甲虫幼虫的新克里多尼亚乌鸦。
由伯明翰大学的尤里昂·特罗希安科拍摄,展现了一只用木棍从腐烂的原木中“钓”甲虫幼虫的新克里多尼亚乌鸦。
由约克大学的马库斯·费舍尔拍摄,展现了理论与实践研究之间的和谐关系。
展示了两只食蚜蝇,一只在花上停留,另一只正在飞行之中,由爱丁堡大学的本·加佐尔拍摄。
展示了两只食蚜蝇,一只在花上停留,另一只正在飞行之中,由爱丁堡大学的本·加佐尔拍摄。
骨骼肌毛细血管通过施加染料加以显现,由利兹大学的罗布·乌斯特拍摄。
骨骼肌毛细血管通过施加染料加以显现,由利兹大学的罗布·乌斯特拍摄。

  在英国生物技术与生物科学研究委员会(以下简称BBSRC)举行的科学摄影比赛中,安德雷恩拍摄的亚洲织蚁倒挂叼物照摘得一等奖。其它参赛作品呈现的动物包括一只用木棍“钓”食物的乌鸦、一头逆戟鲸以及一条被渔网捕获的鲑鱼。安德雷恩获得价值700英镑的摄影器材购物券。BBSRC表示:“这幅照片之所以获得一等奖是因为作品本身非常具有吸引力并且传递出复杂的科学信息。” (孝文)

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